Theatrical performances are immaterial gifts to the audience. As an event, theater combines social actions and artistic autonomy, is both exchange and gift at the same time. The workshop investigates the complexity of exchange and responsiveness in theatre within the context of the theoretical gift discourses. The invited experts discuss their different research approaches from art and cultural studies, theatre, literature and media theories, social philosophy, sociology and economic anthropology to contribute to a theory of theatre which takes the interweaving of aesthetic and social practices into consideration. By clarifying current research questions, a contribution is also made to the development of the theory of gifts with regard to aesthetic phenomena.