Center for Interdisziplinary Research
 
 

Terrorism and 'Security of the Interior' in Western Germany During the 1970s

Date: October 7 - 9, 2004
Scientific Organizers: Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Jörg Requate (both Bielefeld), Klaus Weinhauer (Hamburg)

The topic of the conference has gained importance in two ways. On the one hand the shimmering phenomenon 'terrorism' gained massive public attention after September 11, 2001. Simultaneously, in the West German society sensibility towards the complex problem of 'Security of the Interior' (Innere Sicherheit) has grown enormously. On the other hand, social- and cultural historical research of the 68-movements shows a central omission: there are nearly no studies that in the light of latest social science and historical research analyze the way the '68' activists took after the protests had peaked in the summer of 1968. The working group with participants from sociology, criminology, literary studies, political science and history had two main aims: First, studying the motivations which led former student activists to act militantly. Second, analyzing why the West German state fought terrorism so harsh and intransigently. In four sections it was, first, looked for interactions and connections between the subcultural milieus of the late 1960s and terrorism of the 1970s. The discussions demonstrated that terrorism was not only a result of the disintegrating protest movements of 1968 but also an independent phenomenon. Second, and closely related to that fact, the different paths which lead activists into the political underground were discussed. Third, the reactions of the state were analyzed. It became obvious that the harsh reactions of the state together with a state loyal public always evoked democratizing counter impulses. In the fourth session on the medial presentations of terrorism problems of its lingual and cinematic constructions were discussed. It was asked which effects were caused by these depictions and who benefited from them. In the end it became obvious that medial constructions of terrorism should be an integral part of any analysis of terrorism.

Contributions

Donatella della Porta: Political Violence and Terrorism: A Sociological and Comparative Perspective
Session 1: Jugend(sub)kultur, Studentenmilieu und Gewalt
Detlef Siegfried: Ästhetik des Andersseins. Subkulturen zwischen Hedonismus und Militanz 1965 - 1970
Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey: Studentenbewegung und Gewalt: Theoriedebatten und Aktionsformen
Michael Sturm: Anfänge des Terrorismus in München. Tupamaros München, Subkultur und Polizei 1969 - 1971
Session 2: Staatliche Gewalt und Innere Sicherheit
Stephan Scheiper: Vom Wandel staatlicher Herrschaft in den 1960er/70er Jahren
Klaus Weinhauer: Polizei, Terrorismus und Gesellschaft im Zeichen der Inneren Sicherheit
Jörg Requate: 'Terroristenanwälte': Bedrohung oder Garanten des Rechtsstaats?
Session 3: Terroristische Akteure und Leben im Untergrund
Belinda Davis: Between Terror and Withdrawal: Negotiating Political Space and Strategy in the West German 1970s
Cornelia Brink: Das sozialistische Patientenkollektiv in Heidelberg. (Anti-)Psychiatrie und Politik
Gisela Diewald-Kerkmann: Frauen in der RAF und in der Bewegung 2. Juni - Ihre Wege in die Illegalität
Session 4: Mediale Konstruktion des Terrorismus
Martin Steinseifer: Terrorismus als Medienereignis. Dimensionen einer Untersuchungsperspektive am Beispiel der Entführung und Ermordung von Hanns Martin Schleyer
Andreas Musolff: Terrorismus im öffentlichen Sprachgebrauch: seine Umdeutung zum Kriegsgeschehen und die Folgen
Walter Uka: Terrorismus im Film

Participants

Hanno Balz (Bremen), Friedhelm Boll (Bonn), Cornelia Brink (Freiburg i. Br.), Hendrik Blumentrath (Berlin), Belinda J. Davis (New Brunswick, NJ), Donatella della Porta (San Domenico di Fiesole), Gisela Diewald-Kerkmann (Bielefeld), Bernhard Gierds (Hamburg), Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey (Bielefeld), Dominique Grisard (Basel), Lea Hartung (Berlin), Franz-Werner Kersting (Münster), Gabriele Metzler (Tübingen), Markus Mohr (Berlin), Andreas Musolff (Durham), Wolf-Dieter Narr (Berlin), Jacco Pekelder (Amsterdam), Herbert Reinke (Wuppertal), Herbert Reiter (Florenz), Dominik Rigoll (Berlin), Stephan Scheiper (Tübingen), Axel Schild (Hamburg), Detlef Georgia Schulze (Berlin), Detlef Siegfried (Hamburg), Anna Sprockhoff (Lüneburg), Martin Steinseifer (Gießen), Heinz Steinert (Frankfurt am Main), Michael Sturm (Leipzig), Oliver Tolmein (Lüneburg), Walter Uka (Lüneburg)



Print
ZiF - Center for Interdisciplinary Research - Homepage > List of ZiF Workshops > 2004 >