The international conference 'Of Fatherlands and 'Motherlands'. Gender and Nation in the Americas' focused on the genealogy of interdiscursive relations between the concepts of gender and nation from the formative period of the American nations to the present time. The conference aimed at exploring the transfer processes between both discourses on metaphorical, symbolic, and allegorical levels from the perspectives of American Studies, Latin American Studies, Literary Studies, History, Linguistics, Cultural Studies, Sociology, Political Science, Gender and Nation Theories. It laid specific emphasis on the profound transformations that have taken place in this field in the past few decades due to the impact of the new media, the international culture industry and the paradigm shift towards performative concepts of identity in the fields of Gender Theory and Postcolonial Studies. Papers focused on the participation of women in the discursive construction and deconstruction of nation, on cognitive cartographies of national spaces, on the processes of engendering and degendering in the foundational and consolidating narratives of US American and Latin American nations as well as on cultural practices and discourses at the margins of nations. The conference was organized in the context of the Inter-American Studies Program of Bielefeld University and with the Programa Interdisciplinario de los Estudios de la Mujer (International Program of Women's Studies) at the Colegio the México.