In the Modern Age the state is identical with the exclusive right to the use of force so that violating the same by the increasing importance of non-state conflicts and manifestations of war as well as terrorism constitutes a fundamental crisis. The discussion on legitimizing torture that has developed against this background was made a subject at the workshop not only as being a symptom of this crisis situation but also as the systematic and historical core of the human attitude towards violence. The workshop focussed on the discourse of torture, i.e. the question as to what is negotiated and enforced by means of torture and in which institutional contexts does this happen. This was discussed by historians, legal historians as well as literary scholars and media scientists.