Funded by the Center for Interdisciplinary Research and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the ZiF workshop brought together an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplines such as medicine, movement science, neuroscience, neuroinformatic, psychology, robotics, and sport science. The workshop attempted to answer how we anticipate the consequences of choices and how is the brain able to represent these options and the potential consequences? How are potential options evaluated and how is a preferred option implemented? These questions were discussed in three interdisciplinary groups of experts thus providing a unique environment in which seeking answers to these questions will also generate stimulating input for further research. A book following this conference will include chapters from these experts as well as group reports that may mark avenues in that uncertain future and will provide fruitful applications of the consequences of that discussion for many domains and fields of research.