Integrity and Responsibility in Science: Navigating through Conflicting Social and Epistemic Demands
Date: 18 - 20 October 2018
Convenors: Martin Carrier (Bielefeld, GER), Alain Tressaud (Pessac, FRA), Rodrigo Ferrão de Paiva Martins (Caparica, POR)
The workshop is supposed to address the responsibility of science from five perspectives. The first perspective concerns options for anticipating the social impact of research and technology development. This area is intended to implement the idea of science for society or research on behalf of the people. The general concern here is the unreliability of technology foresight which appears to stall attempts to guide research toward goals that will be welcomed by society. However, future pathways of research and development can be anticipated in some fields, and some judgments about technology implementation are feasible without such anticipation. The second area is evaluation of research goals by ethical standards. Examples to be discussed concern attempts to realign the drug industry's interests with patient interests and to analyze efforts to bring ethical standards to globalized food industry. Medical technology is another field in which moral demands feature prominently. The third field concerns institutional frameworks of responsible science. The issue is shifted from considerations of individual scientists to suitably designed institutions. An important theme in this area is science with society or research involving lay participation. The fourth perspective concerns epistemic responsibility which becomes manifest in the combat against fraud and bias in research. The fifth area opens up the space for suggestions and responses from working scientists. Such reactions from the laboratory benches provide an important test bed for judging the viability of recommendations from the reflecting disciplines.