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Dr. Holk Cruse

Dr. Holk Cruse

Room number: Q1 - 129
Phone: +49 (0)521 - 106 12129



    Research Interests 

PhD on "pattern recognition in honey bees" at the University of Stuttgart. In the lab of Prof. Bässler, University of Kaiserslautern, he started his investigations on motor control in stick insects applying the methods of behavioral physiology and computer simulation. Basic questions have been: how are the six legs coordinated to allow a stable walking pattern even under irregular environmental conditions" How is the movement of the single leg controlled" In general, the investigations have shown how complex behavior can emerge from extremely decentralized structures. In the lab of Prof. F. Clarac, Arcachon, he expanded his work on insects to study similar questions using the lobster and crayfish as subjects. During a leave at the University of Berkeley he started working on human arm control. Already in a preliminary form in his PhD, but in a systematic way since about 1986, he performed simulation studies using artificial neural network. In cooperation with engineers the results are being used to control six-legged walking robots. The long term goal of this research is to construct an autonomous system and in this way to understand the principles underlying autonomy. In this context he is interested how internal world models may be used to plan and control movements thus forming the basis for cognition. This includes questions concerning the relation between unconscious and voluntary decisions as well as the grounding of language.

    Curriculum Vitae 

Dr. Holk Cruse, Professor, former head of Section for Biological Cybernetics /Theoretical Biology at the Faculty for Biology, University of Bielefeld, Germany. H. Cruse's subjects are motor control in insects and control of human arm movement applying the methods of behavioural physiology and computer simulation (using artificial neural networks). This work has recently been extended to include problems of cognition, in particular application of internal world models to plan and control movements.
Holk Cruse studied biology, physics and mathematics at the University of Freiburg/Brsg. After a training year as a school teacher he went back to university. During his PhD (Prof. U. Bässler, University of Stuttgart, 1972) he worked at the Max-Planck Institute of Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen in the lab of Prof. K. Kirschfeld. After being Postdoc at the University of Kaiserslautern until 1981 (habilitation 1976) he received a position as head of the section for Biological Cybernetics at the Faculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld (1981 - 2009). Stays at the marine biological institute at Arcachon, France, in the lab of Prof. F. Clarac (1982), and at the Univ. of Berkeley, CA, in the lab of Prof. L. Stark (1986). Between 1989 and 1997 he was member of the directorial board of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies (ZiF), Univ. Bielefeld. In 1993 he awarded the Körber Price "Bionics of Walking" (together with F. Clarac, Marseille, F. Chernousko, Moscow, F. Pfeiffer, Munich). During the academic year of 1993-1994 he organized a one year research group "Prerational Intelligence" at the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies (ZiF), University of Bielefeld (together with H. Ritter). During 1995-1996 he was Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. Together with F. Pfeiffer, TU Munich, in 1997 he started a six year DFG program "Autonomous Walking". In the academic year 2008-2009 he was again Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. Actually he is PI at the Excellence Cluster "Cognitive Interaction Technology", University of Bielefeld.