Combustion of butanol isomers — A detailed molecular beam mass spectrometry investigation of their flame chemistry
The combustion chemistry of the four butanol isomers, 1-, 2-, iso- and tert-butanol was studied in flat, premixed, laminar low-pressure (40 mbar) flames of the respective alcohols. Fuel-rich (Φ=1.7) butanol-oxygen-(25%)argon flames were investigated using different molecular beam mass spectrometry (MBMS) techniques. Quantitative mole fraction profiles are reported as a function of burner distance. In total, 57 chemical compounds, including radical and isomeric species, have been unambiguously assigned and detected quantitatively in each flame using a combination of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization (PI) and electron ionization (EI) MBMS.
P. Oßwald, H. Güldenberg, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, B. Yang, T. Yuan, F. Qi, Combust. Flame 158(1), 2?15, 2011.