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  • Philosophy of Science

    Philosophy of science is one of the department's main areas of research and teaching. At present, seven faculty members and eleven PhD students work in this field. Click on the arrows to explore the different research topics that our team works on!

Philosophy of Science at Bielefeld

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Study philosophy of science at Bielefeld

Philosophy of science at Bielefeld University has two core areas. On the one hand, we share an interest in questions concerning the relations between science and society, science and values, and science in the context of application. On the other hand, we engage in the practices of the life sciences (e.g., biology, neuroscience, medicine, and psychology) and address various methodological, conceptual and metaphysical questions. In both core areas our research is characterized by a practice-oriented, interdisciplinary approach.


Colloquia and reading groups

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The Institute for Interdisciplinary studies of science (I²SoS) holds a weekly colloquium, in which papers are given by invited speakers and local researchers from across the philosophy, history, economics and sociology of science. The members of the Doctoral School meet several times during the semester for the GRK colloquium; there is the Brown Bag reading group in which we discuss our work in progress and a weekly Team meeting of the philosophers of the life sciences (PhilBio Meeting). In the reading group Classics and Gems, graduate students and anyone else interested discuss high-profile classics and lesser known gems from post-positivist philosophy of science (monthly meetings Tuesdays 2-4p, please contact David Lambert for details). Additionally, the department hosts talks of invited speakers and a research seminar (Philosophischer Club). Furthermore, the recently established Bielefeld colloquium in philosophy of psychiatry is happy to welcome new members.

International exchange

Philosophy of science in Bielefeld has an international orientation. Our team regularly offers classes, colloquia and conferences in English and with participation of international scholars.

Students can participate in exchange programs with leading institutions, such as the University of Notre Dame, Georgia State University, University of Bologna, Paris-​Sorbonne University.

Bielefeld also participates in the EPSA program offering visiting fellowships for
junior philosophers working in Central and Eastern Europe

For graduate students can be part of the European Ph.D.-​Network in Theoretical Philosophy, which aims at promoting the scientific quality and the internationalization of doctoral education (members: universities of Bergen, Bielefeld, Bologna, Bucharest, Helsinki, and Uppsala).



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Science studies at Bielefeld

  • philosophy of science as a key research area within the Institute for interdisciplinary Studies of Science (I²SoS)
  • interdisciplinary cooperation with history of science, sociology of science and economics of science
  • strong connections to Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) - Germany's oldest centre of advanced studies
  • one of the university's original key research areas (Universitätsschwerpunkt USP Wissenschaftsforschung), including the former Institute of Science and Technoloy Studies IWT (Institut für Wissenschafts- und Technikforschung)

The I²SoS hosts several research projects, amongst them the DFG-funded Doctoral School "Integrating Ethics and Epistemology of Scientific Research" , two DFG-funded research projects on research in the context of application, and on methodological questions of climate research, and an EU-funded project on responsible research and innovation. Philosophy of science is also part of two DFG-funded Collaboraltive Research Centres (CRCs), one on "A Novel synthesis of Individualization across Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution" the other one on "Practices of Comparing".

Present projects

Cross-sectional Project Concept Formation”, project in the research grouproject "Individualisation in Changing Environments (InChangE)" funded by the Ministry of Culture and Science of the State of NRW, PIs: Kaiser M.I., Malsch A.  (2022-2025)

DFG research project "Individual-based research: concepts, epistemology and integration"; project in the CRC-TRR 212 "A Novel Synthesis of Individualisation across Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution"

DFG research project “Complex Biological Dispositions: A Case Study in the Metaphysics of Biological Practice”; project in the research group FOR 2495 Inductive Metaphysics (2020-2023)

DFG research project "Research in the Context of Practice: Strategies for Making Application-Oriented Science Epistemically Sound and Practically Beneficial" (2019-2022)

DFG Doctoral School (Graduiertenkolleg 2073) "Integrating Ethics and Epistemology of Scientific Research" ; together with the University Hannover (since 2015)

Past projects

DFG research project "Comparing at the Interface of the Physical and Life Sciences, 1960 to 2000"; project in the CRC 1204 "Praktiken des Vergleichens (Practices of Comparison)" (2017-2020)

ZiF Cooperation group "Governance, Incentives, and the Quality of Knowledge" (2019-2021)

DFG research project "The Ontological Status of Individualised Niches"; project in the CRC-TRR 212 "A Novel Synthesis of Individualisation across Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution" (2018-2021)

ZiF Cooperation group "Breaking Confines: Interdisciplinary Model-Building for a Complex World" (2018-2020)

DFG research project "Climate Engineering In Between Reliability and Liability (CEIBRAL)", part of SPP 1689 (2013-2016); continued as "Climate Engineering Liability and Reliability: An Integrated Treatment (CELARIT)" (2016-2019)

"Responsible Research and Innovation", a project funded within the Nucleus consortium (New Understanding of Communication, Learning and Engagement in Universities and scientific institutions) within Horizon 2020 (2015-2019)

Dilthey Fellowship "Science and Values", funded by Volkswagen Stiftung (2009-2016)

ZiF Cooperation group "Mathematics as a Tool" (2012-2015)

ZiF Research group "Science in the Context of Application" (2006-2007)


  • Addresses the relationship between science and society
  • What distinguishes fundamental from application-oriented research in methodological respects? What makes research socially responsible or practically fruitful?
  • Can these features be captured by interrelations of different kinds of values (epistemic, economic, social etc.)?

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  • works in the philosophy of biology, especially ecology, general philosophy of science, and philosophy of climate science
  • research topics include epistemic issues in the study of complex systems, especially those pertaining to generalization and prediction, the use of meta-analysis in biology, scientific modelling and representation and communication of uncertainty

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  • PhD student working in general philosophy of science and philosophy of language
  • Thesis topic: Fact/Value entanglement in concepts of biodiversity

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  • assistant professor working at the intersection of philosophy of neuroscience, general philosophy of science and philosophy of language
  • research topics: structure and development of scientifc concepts, exploratory experiments, concepts across the life sciences (e.g. "function" and "hierarchy"), relation between science and society, climate change

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  • PhD student workin on philosophy of climate economics and on questions of climate ethics.
  • thesis topic: the philosophy and ethics of integrated assessment modelling, especially with regards to the conception of feasibility

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Dr. Fabian Hundertmark

  • Postdoctoral researcher working in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychiatry
  • Topics of research include the naturalization of representational contents and biological functions as well as the metaphysics of dispositions in the mind sciences
  • Member of the project Complex Biological Dispositions

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  • works in the philosophy of biology, general philosophy of science, and metaphysics of science
  • research topics include the concept of reductive explanation in biology, mechanisms, part-whole relations, causal modeling, complex systems, biological individuality, the concept of an ecological niche, biological dispositions, and the methodology of philosophy of science

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  • Works as a postdoctoral researcher in the InChangE project
  • Works on metaphysics and epistemology of the sciences (particularly biology, archaeology, and cognition), evolutionary theory, cultural evolution, and philosophy of music

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  • PhD student working in philosophy of physics
  • thesis topic: philosophical aspects of contemporary theories in high energy physics, in particular on the methodology of string theory

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  • PhD student working in history and philosophy of science
  • thesis topic: incommensurability and theory dynamics, combining historical case studies, Kuhnian, pre- and post-Kuhnian approaches to philosophy of science, and scientific practice
  • PhD student working in general philosophy of science
  • theis topic: epistemological and ethical issues surrounding the functional role of the priority rule in producing scientific novelty and its apparent detrimental impact on scientific integrity and progress

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Dr. Rebecca Mertens

  • postdoctoral researcher in history and philosophy of science.
  • research focus: role of analogies, models, and forms of comparison in the history of molecular genetics
  • member of the collaborative research program "Practices of Comparison"

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  • PhD student working in history and philosophy of medicine, scientific pluralism, and philosophy of chemistry
  • thesis topic: identifying successful research heuristics
  • member of the DFG research project "Research in the Context of Practice: Strategies for Making Application-Oriented Science Epistemically Sound and Practically Beneficial"
  • postdoctoral researcher working in general philosophy of science, feminist philosophy, and philosophy of cognitive science
  • research topics: values in science, explication and operationalization of concepts in scientific research, robustness of models and methods, and the demographics of philosophy

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  • postdoctoral researcher working in the project Complex Biological Dispositions
  • research topics: metaphysics of biological dispositions, with a focus on the role of the environment in cases such as evolvability and phenotypic plasticity.



  • PhD student in philosophy of science, philosophy of expertise and philosophy of infectious disease epidemiology
  • thesis topic: expertise & the limits of public participation in the context of communicable disease outbreaks

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  • works on values and science
  • thesis topic: articulating an axiological framework for understanding and characterizing policy-driven scientific research and science-based policymaking in light of history of science and environmental history
  • research assistant in the DFG project "Research in the Context of Practice: Strategies for Making Application-Oriented Science Epistemically Sound and Practically Beneficial"

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Visiting Scholars

Dr. Aleksander Ostapiuk (U. Wroclaw), November 2019

Prof. Milos Arsenijevic (University of Belgrade), October – December 2019

Dr. Milos Vuletic (University of Belgrade), October – December 2019

Prof. Justin Biddle (Georgia Institute of Technology), May – July 2015

Prof. Zaiqing Fang (Chinese Academy of Sciences), June – July 2016, October – December 2018


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