Universität Bielefeld

© Universität Bielefeld

Prof. Dr. Werner Schneider

Contact Details

Name: Prof. Dr. Werner Schneider
Postal Address:

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Psychologie und Sportwissenschaft
Abteilung für Psychologie
& Cognitive Interaction Technology - Excellence Center (CITEC)
Postfach 10 01 31
D-33501 Bielefeld
Unit: AE01 / Neuro-Cognitive Psychology
Room: CITEC-2.413
Phone: ++49 (0)521 106 - 4502
Fax: ++49 (0)521 106 - 156934
Email: wxs 'at' uni-bielefeld.de
Office-Hour: By agreement


Overall topic

  • Vision Research (perception, memory, action control)

Central issues

  • Visual Attention and working memory in the service of action control
  • Active visual sampling by eye movement behavior
  • Situation models: Advanced perception-memory interactions for cognitive (flexible, context-sensitive) behavior
  • Development of new research tools for visual-cognitive experimentation: Psychophysics & eye tracking


  • Experimental studies (visual-cognitive psychophysics and sensorimotor behavior; advanced eye tracking) with healthy adults and patient groups
  • Virtual reality (e.g. head-mounted displays) for visual-cognitive experimentation

New research group

The ZiF research group "Cognitive behavior of humans, animals, and machines: Situation model perspectives" will take place between October 2019 and July 2020. The organizers are Werner Schneider (Faculty of Psychology and Sport Science, & CITEC, Bielefeld University) & Helge Ritter (Faculty of Technology, & CITEC, Bielefeld University). We are looking very much forward to exciting times at the ZiF, Bielefeld University's Center for Advanced Studies.

Ten most important publications

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Schneider, W. X., Albert, J., & Ritter, H. (2020). Enabling cognitive behavior of humans, animals, and machines: A situation model framework. ZiF-Mitteilungen. 2020(1), 21-34. (LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2018). Involuntary top-down control by search-irrelevant features: Visual working memory biases attention in an object-based manner. Cognition, 172, 37-45. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.12.002. (LINK) (PDF)

Herwig, A., & Schneider, W. X. (2014). Predicting object features across saccades: Evidence from object recognition and visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(5), 1903-1922. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. (2013). Selective visual processing across competition episodes: a theory of task-driven visual attention and working memory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1628), 1-13. (LINK)

Wischnewski, M., Belardinelli, A., Schneider, W.X. & Steil J.J. (2010). Where to Look Next? Combining Static and Dynamic Proto-objects in a TVA-based Model of Visual Attention. Cognitive Computation, 2, 326-343. (PDF)

Finke, K., Bublak, P., Dose, M.; Müller, HJ, & Schneider, W.X. (2006). Parameter-based assessment of spatial and non-spatial attentional deficits in Huntington's disease. Brain, 129, 1137-1151. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. (2006). Action control and its failure in clinical depression: A neuro-cognitive theory. In N. Sebanz & W. Prinz (Eds.) Disorders of Volition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. & Deubel, H. (2002). Selection-for-perception and selection-for-spatial-motor-action are coupled by visual attention: A review of recent findings and new evidence from stimulus-driven saccade control (p. 609-627). In W. Prinz & B. Hommel (Eds.). Attention and Performance XIX: Common Mechanisms in Perception and Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (PDF)

Deubel, H. & Schneider, W.X. (1996). Saccade target selection and object recognition: Evidence for a common attentional mechanism. Vision Research, 36:12, 1827-1837. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. (1995). VAM: A Neuro-Cognitive Model for Visual Attention Control of Segmentation, Object Recognition, and Space-based Motor Action. Visual Cognition, 2, 331-375. (PDF)

Further Selected Publications

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2020). Oculomotor capture by search-irrelevant features in visual working memory: On the crucial role of target-distractor similarity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. doi:10.3758/s13414-020-02007-0. (LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2019). Task-irrelevant features in visual working memory influence covert attention: Evidence from a partial report task. Vision, 3(3):24, 1-14. doi:10.3390/vision3030042. (LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., Poth, C. H., Behler, C., Botsch, M., & Schneider, W. X. (2019). Neuropsychological Assessment of Visual Selective Attention and Processing Capacity With Head-Mounted Displays. Neuropsychology, 33:(3), 309-318. doi:10.1037/neu0000517. (PDF)

Poth, C. H., Foerster, R. M., Behler, C., Schwanecke, U., Schneider, W. X., Botsch, M. (2018). Ultrahigh temporal resolution of visual presentation using gaming monitors and G-Sync. Behavior Research Methods, 50(1), 26-38. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-1003-6. (LINK) (PDF)

Poth, C. H., & Schneider, W. X. (2018). Attentional competition across saccadic eye movements. Acta Psychologica, 190, 27-37. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.06.011. (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., Poth, C. H., Behler, C., Botsch, M., & Schneider, W. X. (2016). Using the virtual reality device Oculus Rift for neuropsychological assessment of visual processing capabilities. Scientific Reports, 6:37016. doi:10.1038/srep37016. (LINK)

Poth, C. H., & Schneider, W. X. (2016). Breaking object correspondence across saccades impairs object recognition: The role of color and luminance. Journal of Vision, 16(11):1, 1-12. doi:10.1167/16.11.1. (LINK)

Poth, C. H., & Schneider, W. X. (2016). Episodic short-term recognition requires encoding into visual working memory: Evidence from probe recognition after letter report. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1440. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01440. (LINK)

Weiß, K., Schneider W. X., & Herwig, A. (2015). A "blanking effect" for surface features: Transsaccadic spatial frequency discrimination is improved by post-saccadic blanking. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 1500-1506.

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2015). Anticipatory eye movements in sensorimotor actions: on the role of guiding fixations during learning.Cognitive Processing, 16, 227-231.(LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2015). Expectation-violations in sensorimotor sequences: Shifting from LTM-based to visual search-based attentional selection. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339, 45-59. (LINK) (PDF)

Herwig, A., Weiß, K., & Schneider, W. X. (2015). When circles become triangular: How transsaccadic predictions shape the perception of shape. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339, 97-105. (PDF)

Poth, C. H., Herwig, A., & Schneider, W. X. (2015). Breaking object correspondence across saccadic eye movements deteriorates object recognition. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 9:176. doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00176.(LINK)

Schneider, W. X., Einhäuser, W., & Horstmann, G. (2015). Introduction to competitive visual processing across space and time: Attention, memory, and prediction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339, v-viii. (LINK)

Schneider, W. X., Einhäuser, W., & Horstmann, G. (Eds.). (2015). Competitive visual processing across space and time [Special issue]. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339, Pages v-viii, 1-198. (LINK)

Weiß, K., Schneider, W. X., & Herwig, A. (2014). Associating peripheral and foveal visual input across saccades: A default mode of the human visual system? Journal of Vision, 14(11):7, 1-15. (LINK)

Poth, C. H., Petersen A, Bundesen C, & Schneider, W. X. (2014). Effects of monitoring for visual events on distinct components of attention. Frontiers in Psychology. 5:930. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00930 (LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., Carbone, E., & Schneider, W. X. (2014). Long-term memory-based control of attention in multi-step tasks requires working memory: evidence from domain-specific interference. Frontiers in Psychology. 5:408. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00408. (LINK) (PDF)

Foerster, R. M., & Schneider, W. X. (2013). Functionally sequenced scanpath similarity method (FuncSim): Comparing and evaluating scanpath similarity based on a task's inherent sequence of functional (action) units. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 6(5):4, 1-22. (LINK)(PDF)

Griffiths, G., Herwig, A., & Schneider, W. X. (2013). Stimulus localization interferes with stimulus recognition: Evidence from an attentional blink paradigm. Journal of Vision, 13(7):7, 1-14. (PDF)

Poth, C.H. & Schneider, W.X. (2013). Aufmerksamkeit. In A. Stephan & S. Walter (Eds.), Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft. Stuttgart: Metzler.

Schneider, W. X., Einhäuser, W., & Horstmann, G. (Eds.). (2013). Attentional selection in visual perception, memory and action: A quest for common principles [Theme issue]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1628). (LINK)

Schneider, W.X., Einhäuser, W., & Horstmann, G. (2013). Attentional selection in visual perception, memory and action: a quest for cross-domain integration. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1628), 1-7. (LINK)

Belardinelli, A., Carbone, A., & Schneider, W. X. (2013). Classification of multiscale spatiotemporal energy features for video segmentation and dynamic objects prioritisation. Pattern Recognition Letters, 34, 713-722.

Finke, K., Matthias, E., Keller, I., Muller, H.J., Schneider, W.X., Bublak, P. (2012). How does phasic alerting improve performance in patients with unilateral neglect? A systematic analysis of attentional processing capacity and spatial weighting mechanisms. Neuropsychologia, 50, 1178-1189. (PDF)

Redel, P., Bublak, P., Sorg, C., Kurz, A., Förstl, H., Müller, H. J., Schneider, W.X. & Finke, K. (2012). Deficits of spatial and task-related attentional selection in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of Aging, 33(1), 195-e27. (PDF)

Foerster, R.M., Carbone E., Koesling H., & Schneider W.X. (2012). Saccadic eye movements in the dark while performing an automatized sequential high-speed sensorimotor task. Journal of Vision, 12(2):8, 1-15. (LINK) (PDF)

Bublak, P., Redel, P., Sorg, C., Kurz, A., Förstl, H., Müller, H. J., Schneider, W.X. & Finke, K. (2011). Staged decline of visual processing capacity in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of aging, 32(7), 1219-1230.

Foerster, R.M., Carbone E., Koesling H., & Schneider W.X. (2011). Saccadic eye movements in a high-speed bimanual stacking task: Changes of attentional control during learning and automatization. Journal of Vision, 11(7), 1-16. (LINK) (PDF)

Finke, K.,Schwarzkopf, W.,Muller, U.,Frodl, T.,Muller, H.J.,Schneider, W.X., Engel, R.,Riedel, M.,Moller, H.J.,Hennig-Fast, K. (2011). Disentangling the Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Endophenotype: Parametric Measurement of Attention. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120(4), 890-901. (PDF)

Carbone, E & Schneider, W. X. (2010). The control of stimulus-driven saccades is not subject to central, but visual attention limitations. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 2168-2175. (PDF)

Võ, M. L.-H., Zwickel, J. & Schneider, W. X. (2010). Has someone moved my plate? The immediate and persistent effects of object location changes on gaze allocation during natural scene viewing. Attention, Perception,& Psychophysics, 72, 1251-1255. (PDF)

Herwig, A., Beisert, M., & Schneider, W. X. (2010). On the spatial interaction of visual working memory and attention: Evidence for a global effect from memory-guided saccades. Journal of Vision, 10(5):8, 1-10. (PDF)

Matthias, E., Bublak, P, Müller, H.J., Schneider, W.X., Krummenacher, J., Finke, K. (2010). The influence of alertness on spatial and non-spatial components of visual attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 36, 38-56. (PDF)

Võ, M. L.-H., & Schneider, W. X. (2010). A Glimpse Is Not A Glimpse: Differential Processing of Flashed Scene Previews Leads to Differential Target Search Benefits. Visual Cognition, 18, 171-200.

Matthias, E., Bublak, P., Costa, A. Müller, H.J.,; Schneider, W.X. & Finke K. (2009). Attentional and sensory effects of lowered levels of intrinsic alertness. Neuropsychologia, 47, 3255-3264.

Stein, T., Zwickel, J., Ritter, J., Kitzmantel, M., & Schneider, W.X. (2009). The effect of fearful faces on the attentional blink is task-dependent. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 104-109. (PDF)

Wischnewski, M., Steil J.J., Kehrer, L., Schneider, W.X. (2009). Integrating Inhomogeneous Processing and Proto-object Formation in a Computational Model of Visual Attention. Proceedings of Human Centered Robotic Systems (HCRS), 93-102, 2009. (PDF)

Khan, A.Z., Blangero1, A., Rossetti, Y., Salemme. R,, Luaute, J., Deubel, H., Schneider, W.X., Laverdure, N., Rode, G., Boisson, D., & Pisella, L. (2008). Parietal Damage Dissociates Saccade Planning from Presaccadic Perceptual Facilitation. Cerebral Cortex, 19(2), 383-387. (PDF)

Stein, T., Vallines, I., & Schneider, W.X. (2008). Primary visual cortex reflects behavioral performance in the attentional blink. Neuroreport, 19, 1277-1281. (PDF)

Finke, K.; Schneider, W.X., Redel, P.; Dose, J.; Kerkhoff, G.; Müller, H.J., Bublak, P. (2007). The capacity of attention and simultaneous perception of objects: A group study of Huntington's disease patients. Neuropsychologia, 45, 3272-3284. (PDF)

Finke, K., Bublak, P., Krummenacher, J., Kyllingsbaek, S, Müller, H.J, & Schneider, W.X. (2005). Usability of a theory of visual attention (TVA) for the parameter-based measurement of attention I: Evidence from normal subjects. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 11, 832-842. (PDF)

Deubel, H. & Schneider, W.X. (2004). Attentional selection in sequential manual movements, movements around an obstacle and in grasping. In: G. W. Humphreys and M.J. Riddoch (Eds.), Attention in Action, Hove: Psychology Press. (PDF)

Deubel, H., Bridgeman, B. & Schneider, W.X. (2004) Different effects of blinks and target blanking on saccadic suppression and displacement. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 772-779. (PDF)

Deubel, H. & Schneider, W.X. (2003). Delayed saccades, but not delayed manual pointing movements, require visual attention shifts. Annuals of New York Academy of Sciences, 1004, 289-296. (PDF)

Schiegg, A., Deubel, H. & Schneider, W.X. (2003). Attentional selection during preparation of prehension movements. Visual Cognition, 10, 409-431. (PDF)

Hommel, B. & Schneider, W.X. (2002). Visual attention and manual response selection: Distinct mechanisms operating on the same codes. Visual Cognition, 9, 392-420. (PDF)

Kyllingsbaek, S., Schneider, W.X. & Bundesen, C. (2001). Automatic attraction of attention to former targets in visual displays of letters. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 85-93. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X., Owen, A. & Duncan, J. (2000, Eds.) Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe: Current Issues. Experimental Brain Research, Special Issue, 133, 1-138. (Erratum, Experimental Brain Research, 134, 407 & book edition, Springer, Heidelberg).

Schneider, W.X. & Prinz, W. (2000). Kognitive Neurowissenschaft (S. 249-251). In H. Hanser (Ed.) Lexikon der Neurowissenschaft. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag. (PDF)

Deubel, H., Irwin, D.E. & Schneider, W.X. (1999). The subjective direction of gaze shifts long before the saccade (p. 65-70). In: W. Becker, H. Deubel & Th. Mergner (Ed.), Current Oculomotor Research: Physiological and Psychological Aspects. New York, London: Plenum. (PDF)

Deubel, H., Schneider, W.X., & Paprotta, I. (1998). Selective dorsal and ventral processing: Evidence for a common attentional mechanism in reaching and perception. Visual Cognition, 5, 81-107. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. & Maasen, S. (1998; Ed.). Mechanisms of Visual Attention: A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach. Visual Cognition, Special Issue, 5, 1-320.

Deubel, H., Bridgeman, B., & Schneider, W.X. (1998). Immediate postsaccadic information mediates space constancy. Vision Research, 5, 3147-3159. (PDF)

Walker, R., Deubel, H., Schneider, W.X. & Findlay, J. (1997). The effect of remote distractors on saccade programming: Evidence for an extended fixation zone. Journal of Neurophysiology, 78, 1108-1119. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. (1996). Neural Networks and Visual Information Processing. In W. Prinz & B. Bridgeman (Eds.), Handbook of Perception and Action (p. 103-141). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. (PDF)

Deubel, H., Schneider, W. X., & Bridgeman, B. (1996). Postsaccadic target blanking prevents saccadic suppression of image displacement. Vision Research, 36(7), 985-996. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. & Deubel, H. (1995). Visual attention and saccadic eye movements: Evidence for obligatory and selective spatial coupling. In J.M. Findlay, R.W. Kentridge & R. Walker (Eds.), Eye Movement Research: Mechanisms, Processes, and Applications (p. 317-324). Elsevier Science. 15. (PDF)

Deubel, H. & Schneider, W.X. (1994). Perceptual stability and postsaccadic visual information: Can man bridge a gap? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17, 259-260. (PDF)

Schneider, W.X. (1993). Space-based visual attention models and object selection. Psychological Research, 56, 35-43. (PDF)

Curriculum Vitae


  • Since May 2008: Full Professor of Neuro-Cognitive Psychology (Allg. Psych. I, W3), Department Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany
  • 2005-2008 Associate Professor of Neuro-Cognitive Psychology (W2) Department Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU), München, Germany
  • 2001-2005 Temporary Professorships at the Psychology Departments of the Universities of Eichstätt/Ingolstadt & Giessen, Germany; Research Scientist at the Max-Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, München
  • 1990-2001 Researcher and Lecturer Department Psychology, LMU

  • 1997 Habilitation Degree for Psychology (Dr. phil. habil.), LMU, Germany; Habilitation Thesis on Task-dependent vision.
  • 1991 Dr. phil., Department Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany; Doctoral thesis on Experimental Studies on Visual Attention.
  • 1982-1987 Diploma study program 'Psychology', Bielefeld University, Germany & University of Minnesota/Minneapolis, Graduate School, Psychology, USA (Fellowship of CUSANUSWERK, Foundation of German Catholic Bishops for Gifted Students)
Current administrative activities

  • Head of the Examination Committee of the Psychology Department (since January 2011)