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  • Prof. Dr. Daniela Schiek

    AB 2: Methods of empirical social research

    © Universität Bielefeld

Soziale Herkunft, Wohlfahrtsstaat und Individualisierung: Studien zu den Voraussetzungen elternunabhängiger Lebensverläufe

Schiek, Daniela/DFG (Heisenberg-Programm)

Zusammenfassung

Kinderheim
(c) Daniela Schiek

In dem von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft im Rahmen des Heisenberg-Programms geförderten Forschungsvorhaben geht es um die Exploration der Bedingungen individualisierter Lebensverläufe, wie sie in unterschiedlichen sozialen Herkünften konstituiert werden. Dabei wird sich allerdings nicht auf Personen ausschließlich familialer Herkünfte beschränkt. Vielmehr werden schwerpunktmäßig biografische Strukturen betrachtet, die weitestgehend ohne Eltern mithilfe wohlfahrtstaatlicher Leistungen aufgebaut werden (1). Als anderes "Extrem" kommen Lebensläufe in den Blick, die nahezu ausschließlich familial organisiert werden (2). Insgesamt sollen das Verhältnis und die Mechanismen wohlfahrtsstaatlich und familial konstituierter Handlungsautonomie erschlossen werden, wozu auch ihre theoretische Aufarbeitung gehören wird (3). Gearbeitet wird explorativ mit den Instrumenten der narrativen Interviewmethode, der objektiv-hermeneutischen Fallrekonstruktion sowie – gerade auch für die Verknüpfung von Theorie und Empirie – mit der Idealtypenbildung.

  1. "Heimkinder": Zur sozialen Mobilität von (kulturellen) Waisen
  2. "Jahrmarktkinder": Zur familialen Überorganisation von Biografien
  3. Sozialstaatlichkeit, Sozialisation und elternunabhängige Lebensverläufe

 

Description of the project

house
(c) Daniela Schiek

Research on social mobility is currently largely focussed on the familial reproduction of life courses and the (influence of) parental origin. In contrast, this research project focuses on how life courses are individualised and how biographical orientations are constituted independently of (the class affiliation of) the parents. The search movement in this research project is therefore the search for autonomous action orientation as a biographical work and its enabling conditions - with a particular focus on welfare state conditions. This is because the welfare state is a decisive factor in the individualisation of the life course and the social placement to be organised by the individual in modern societies: its academic benefits bring about the individual planning and independent organisation of various phases, systems and roles and thus a specific culture of biographical action. This applies to all life courses. However, there are also constellations in which the regulation of the welfare state is "overemphasised" and its familial organisation is reduced. In extreme cases, this applies to orphans and children for whom the welfare state has taken over parenting as a substitute for other reasons. Conversely, there are also life courses whose family organisation is "overstretched" and which are hardly organised with the help of non-family milieus. This applies, for example, to (successions in) family businesses, with fairground businesses and funfairs in particular forming a market and life course regime organised almost exclusively by families.

The empirical field of social origins and social mobility will thus present itself as a continuum of - more or less - individualised orientations of action, with the extremes of parentless and welfare-stately organisedorientations on the one hand and biographical structures overemphasised by the family on the other. However, although these "extremes" are highly significant for the assertion, that it is primarily (academically educated and at least middle-class) families that impart knowledge that promotes advancement and biographical competences that promise success, biographical structures such as those that emerge without a family on the one hand or largely without a welfare state and public markets on the other have not yet been explored sociologically. The transitions, i.e. the finermore or less of familial or independent orientation, have also not yet been extensively analysed.

 

people who speak
(c) Ingo Lenz-Drake

The project is therefore centred on the above-mentioned case studies, but these are open to further minimum and maximum comparative cases. Overall, the aim of the project is to explore the hitherto completely unexplored phenomena of parentless and over-organised family biographies and thus to significantly expand the theoretical field of (origin-specific) socialisation and the relationship between individualisation and the welfare state.

The research project is funded by the German Research Foundation as part of the Heisenberg Programme.

 

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