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  • Department of Psychology

    © Universität Bielefeld

Prof. Dr. Gerd Bohner

Social Psychology and Experimental Research on Gender

Postal Address

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Psychologie und Sportwissenschaft
Abteilung für Psychologie
Postfach 10 01 31
D-33501 Bielefeld

Lab Affiliation: 05- Social Psychology
Room: T5-238  
Phone: ++49 (0)521 106-4437  
Fax: ++49 (0)521 106-6422  
Teaching Offer: Courses
Office Hours: Only by Arrangement via E-Mail  


Biographical Sketch


  • Since 2001 Professor of Social Psychology, Universität Bielefeld.
  • 1998 Temporary Chair (General and Social Psychology), University of Kent.
  • 1998 Visiting Professor (General Psychology II and Social Psychology) at Universität Würzburg.
  • 1997 Temporary Professorship (Group Sociology and Social Psychology), University of Mannheim.
  • 1997 Habilitation in Psychology, Universität Mannheim.
  • 1991-1992 Feodor Lynen Research Fellow, New York University.
  • 1990 Dr. phil. in Psychology, University of Heidelberg.
  • 1986 to 1998 Teaching positions at the Universities of Heidelberg and Mannheim.
  • 1980 to 1986 Undergraduate studies and Graduation (Dipl.-Psych.) in Psychology, Universität Heidelberg.
  • 1978-1980 Community service at a daycare institution for children with disabilities, Karlsruhe.
  • 1978 Graduation from High-School at Goethe-Gymnasium Karlsruhe.
  • Born 1959 in Karlsruhe.

Full CV


  • Social cognition (especially persuasion; social influence; stereotyping; effects of moods, emotions and other subjective experiences, applications in advertising and marketing)
  • Attitudes and social cognitions in the areas of sexual violence and sexual harassment
  • Social and emotional aspects of human-machine interaction
  • Sex differences from evolutionary and socio-cultural perspectives
  • Methods of social psychology, especially indirect measurement of attitudes



  • Bohner, G., & Wänke, M. (2002). Attitudes and attitude change. Psychology Press.
  • Bohner, G. (1998). Vergewaltigungsmythen. Verlag Empirische Pädagogik.


Selected Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Reprints or electronic copies are available on request:


  • Bohner, G., Weiss, A., Schirch, C., Zöllner, L., Lipińska, A., Sempere, M.-J., & Megías, J. L. (2022). AMMSA-21: a revised version of the Acceptance of Modern Myths About Sexual Aggression Scale in English, German, Polish and Spanish (AMMSA-21: una versión revisada de la escala Aceptación de Mitos Modernos sobre la Agresión Sexual en inglés, alemán, polaco y español). International Journal of Social Psychology. Advance online publication.


  • Bohner, G., Boege, R. M. J., Glaser, T., Klempel, L., & Linne, R. (2021). Saving versus deleting thoughts affects focal and lateral attitude change. International Journal of Social Psychology, 36(2), 300-329.
  • Guerra, E., Bernotat, J., Carvacho, H., & Bohner, G. (2021). Ladies first: Gender stereotypes drive anticipatory eye-movement during incremental sentence interpretation. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 589429.
  • Romero Sánchez, M., Skowronski, M., Bohner, G., & Megías, J. L. (2021). Talking about "victims", "survivors", and "battered women": How labels affect the perception of women who have experienced intimate partner violence. International Journal of Social Psychology, 36(1), 30-60.


  • Khokhlova, O., & Bohner, G. (2020). A Russian version of the Acceptance of Modern Myths About Sexual Aggression scale: Validation with a female online sample. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 13(2), 121-139.
  • Linne, R., Glaser, T., Pum, K., & Bohner, G. (2020). Lateral attitude change: Stalking the elusive displacement effect. Social Cognition, 38(4), 324-353.
  • Mulder, E., & Bohner, G. (2020). Negative third party reactions to male and female victims of rape: The influence of harm and normativity concerns. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication.
  • Saldarriaga, L., Rocha, C., Castro, D., Jiménez-Moya, G., Carvacho, H., & Bohner, G. (2020). Sexual violence victimization among undergraduates at a Chilean university. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 14(1), 1-14. https://doi org/10.4119/ijcv-3776
  • Milesi, P., Süssenbach, P., Bohner, G., & Megías, J. L. (2020). The interplay of modern myths about sexual aggression and moral foundations in the blaming of rape victims. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50(1), 111-123.


  • Schwark, S., & Bohner, G. (2019). Sexual violence – "victim" or "survivor": News images affect explicit and implicit judgments of blame. Violence Against Women, 25(12), 1491-1509.
  • Zapata-Calvente, A. L., Moya, M., Bohner, G., & Megías, J. L. (2019). Explicit attitudes and implicit associations as predictors of intimate partner violence and sexual harassment proclivity. Sex Roles, 81(7-8), 439-455.


  • Bohner, G., & Schapansky, E. (2018). Law students' judgments of a rape victim's statement: The role of displays of emotion and acceptance of sexual aggression myths. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 12, 1-13.
  • Schwark, S., Dragon, N. & Bohner, G. (2018). Falschbeschuldigungen bei sexueller Gewalt. In J. Gysi & P. Rüegger (Hrsg.), Handbuch sexualisierte Gewalt: Therapie, Prävention und Strafverfolgung (S. 55-61). Hogrefe.
  • Diehl, C., Rees, J., & Bohner, G. (2018). Predicting sexual harassment from hostile sexism and shortterm mating orientation: Relative strength of predictors depends on situational priming of power versus sex. Violence Against Women, 24(2), 123-143. (first published online on December 09, 2016)


  • Papendick, M., & Bohner, G. (2017). Passive victim - strong survivor? Perceived meaning of labels applied to women who were raped. PLoS ONE, 12(5), Article e177550.
  • Süssenbach, P., Albrecht, S., & Bohner, G. (2017). Implicit judgments of rape cases: An experiment on the determinants and consequences of implicit evaluations in a rape case. Psychology, Crime and Law, 23(3), 291-304.
  • Süssenbach, P., Eyssel, F., Rees, J., & Bohner, G. (2017). Looking for blame: Rape myth acceptance and attention to victim and perpetrator. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32(15), 2323-2344.


  • Sadowski, F., & Bohner, G. (2016). Explaining prejudice toward Americans and Europeans in Egypt: Closed-mindedness and conservatism mediate effects of religious fundamentalism. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 10, 109-126.


  • Bebermeier, S., Echterhoff, G., Bohner, G., & Hellmann, J. H. (2015). The generalization of shared reality: When communication about one target shapes the evaluation of other targets. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45(5), 623-640.
  • Erb, H.-P., Hilton, D. J., Bohner, G., & Roffey, L. (2015). The minority decision - A risky choice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 57, 43-50.
  • Glaser, T., Dickel, N., Liersch, B., Rees, J., Süssenbach, P., & Bohner, G. (2015). Lateral attitude change. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 19(3), 257-276.
  • Hellmann, D. F., Dickel, N., Bohner, G., & Erb, H.-P. (2015). Mind over matter: Target states, not stimulus characteristics, determine information processing in minority influence. In S. Papastamou, A. Gardikiotis, & G. Prodromitis (Eds.), Majority and minority influence: Societal meaning and cognitive elaboration (pp. 137-157). Routledge.


  • Bohner, G., & Schlüter, L. E. (2014). A room with a viewpoint revisited: Descriptive norms and hotel guests' towel reuse behavior. PLoS ONE, 9(8), Article e104086.
  • Diehl, C., Glaser, T., & Bohner, G. (2014). Face the consequences: Learning about victims' suffering reduces sexual harassment myth acceptance and men's likelihood to sexually harass. Aggressive Behavior, 40(6), 489-503.
  • Grau, I., & Bohner, G. (2014). Anchoring revisited: The role of the comparative question. PLoS ONE , 9(1), Article e86056.
  • Helmke, S., Kobusch, P.-R., Rees, J., Meyer, T., & Bohner, G. (2014). Beliefs about the Strauss-Kahn case in France and Germany: Political orientation and sexual aggression myths as local versus global predictors. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 8(1), 171-186.
  • Koepke, S., Eyssel, F., & Bohner, G. (2014). "She deserved it": Effects of sexism norms, type of violence, and victim's pre-assault behavior on blame attributions toward female victims and approval of the aggressor's behavior. Violence Against Women, 20(4), 446-464.


  • Ansorge, U., & Bohner, G. (2013). Investigating the association between valence and elevation with an implicit association task that requires upward and downward responding [Special issue: Cognitive science]. Universitas Psychologica, 12(5), 1453-1471.
  • Kreft, M., Eyssel, F., Bohner, G. & Tzitzikos, S. (2013). "Am Ende der Angst" - Evaluation eines theaterpädagogischen Projekts zur Prävention sexueller Aggression im Jugendalter. In S. Heynen & F. Zahradnik (Hrsg.), Forschung im vertrauten Feld: Beispiele für praxisnahen Erkenntnisgewinn (S. 57-82). Lit.
  • Montañés, P., de Lemus, S., Megías, J., Moya, M., & Bohner, G. (2013). How attractive are sexist intimates to adolescents? The influence of sexist beliefs and relationship experience. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37(4), 494-506.
  • Süssenbach, P., Eyssel, F., & Bohner, G. (2013). Metacognitive aspects of rape myths: Subjective strength of rape myth acceptance moderates its effects on information processing and behavioral intentions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(11), 2250-2272.


  • Dickel, N., & Bohner, G. (2012). Minority and majority influence on attitudes. In G. Rossi (Ed.), Psychology: Selected papers (pp. 249-274). InTech.
  • Diehl, C., Rees, J., & Bohner, G. (2012). Flirting with disaster: Short-term mating orientation and hostile sexism predict different types of sexual harassment. Aggressive Behavior, 38(6), 521-531.
  • Ilic, M., Reinecke, J., Bohner, G., Röttgers, H.-O., Beblo, T., Driessen, M., Frommberger, U., & Corrigan, P. W. (2012). Protecting self-esteem from stigma: A test of different strategies for coping with the stigma of mental illness. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58(3), 246-257.
  • Montañés, P., de Lemus, S., Bohner, G., Megías, J. L., Moya, M., & García-Retamero, R. (2012). Intergenerational transmission of benevolent sexism from mothers to daughters and its relation to daughters´ academic performance and goals. Sex Roles, 66, 468-478.
  • Süssenbach, P., Bohner, G., & Eyssel, F. (2012). Studying schematic influences of rape myth acceptance on visual information processing: An eye-tracking experiment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(3), 660-668.


  • Becker, J. C., Glick, P., Ilic, M., & Bohner, G. (2011). Damned if she does, damned if she doesn't: Consequences of accepting versus rejecting patronizing help for the female target and male actor. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(6), 761-773.
  • Bohner, G., & Dickel, N. (2011). Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 391-417.
  • Eyssel, F., & Bohner, G. (2011). Schema effects of rape myth acceptance on judgments of guilt and blame in rape cases: The role of perceived entitlement to judge. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(8), 1579-1605.
  • Süssenbach, P., & Bohner, G. (2011). Acceptance of sexual aggression myths in a representative sample of German residents. Aggressive Behavior, 37(4), 374-385.
  • Wänke, M., Reutner, L. & Bohner, G. (2011). Einstellung und Verhalten. In H.-W. Bierhoff & D. Frey (Hrsg.), Sozialpsychologie - Individuum und soziale Welt (S. 211-232). Hogrefe.


  • Bohner, G., Ahlborn, K., & Steiner, R. (2010). How sexy are sexist men? Women’s perception of male response profiles in the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory. Sex Roles, 62, 568-582.
  • Bohner, G., Echterhoff, G., Glaß, C., Patrzek, J., & Lampridis. E. (2010). Distress in response to infidelity committed by the partners of close others: Siblings versus friends. Social Psychology, 41(4), 223-229.
  • Bohner, G., Pina, A., Viki, G. T., & Siebler, F. (2010). Using social norms to reduce men's rape proclivity: Perceived rape myth acceptance of out-groups may be more influential than that of in-groups. Psychology, Crime and Law, 16(8), 671-693.
  • Erb, H.-P., & Bohner, G. (2010). Consensus as the key: Towards parsimony in explaining minority and majority influence. In R. Martin & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Minority influence and innovation: Antecedents, processes and consequences (pp. 79-103). Psychology Press.
  • Heitland, K., & Bohner, G. (2010). Reducing prejudice via cognitive dissonance: Individual differences in preference for consistency moderate the effects of counterattitudinal advocacy. Social Influence, 5(3), 164-181.


  • Bohner, G., Eyssel, F., Pina, A., Siebler, F., & Viki, G. T. (2009). Rape myth acceptance: Affective, behavioural, and cognitive effects of beliefs that blame the victim and exonerate the perpetrator. In M. Horvath & J. Brown (Eds.), Rape: Challenging contemporary thinking (pp. 17-45). Willan.
  • Bohner, G., & Wänke, M. (2009). The psychology of attitudes and persuasion. In J. Wood & T. Gannon (Eds.), Public opinion and criminal justice (pp. 3-32). Willan.
  • Eyssel, F., Bohner, G., Süssenbach, P. & Schreiber, P. (2009). Neuentwicklung und Validierung eines szenariobasierten Verfahrens zur Erfassung der Neigung zu sexueller Aggression. Diagnostica, 55(2), 117-127.


  • Bohner, G., Dykema-Engblade, A., Tindale, R. S., & Meisenhelder, H. (2008). Framing of minority and majority source information in persuasion: When and how "consensus implies correctness". Social Psychology, 39(2), 108-116.
  • Bohner, G., Siebler, F., González, R., Haye, A., & Schmidt, E. A. (2008). Situational flexibility of in-group-related attitudes: A single category IAT study of people with dual national identity. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 11(3), 301-307.
  • Siebler, F., Sabelus, S., & Bohner, G. (2008). A refined computer harassment paradigm: Validation, and test of hypotheses about target characteristics. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 32(1), 22-35.


  • Erb, H.-P., & Bohner, G. (2007). Social influence and persuasion: Recent theoretical developments and integrative attempts. In K. Fiedler (Ed.), Social communication (pp. 191-221). Psychology Press.
  • Eyssel, F. & Bohner, G. (2007). The rating of sexist humor under time pressure as an indicator of spontaneous sexist attitudes. Sex Roles, 57, 651-660.
  • Gerger, H., Kley, H., Bohner, G., & Siebler, F. (2007). The Acceptance of Modern Myths About Sexual Aggression (AMMSA) Scale: Development and validation in German and English. Aggressive Behavior, 33(5), 420-440.


Selected papers until 2006

  • Abrams, D., Viki, G. T., Masser, B., & Bohner, G. (2003). Perceptions of stranger and acquaintance rape: The role of benevolent and hostile sexism in victim blame and rape proclivity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 111-125.
  • Bohner, G., Bless, H., Schwarz, N., & Strack, F. (1988). What triggers causal attributions? The impact of valence and subjective probability. European Journal of Social Psychology, 18(4), 335-345.
  • Bohner, G., Einwiller, S., Erb, H.-P., & Siebler, F. (2003). When small means comfortable: Relations between product attributes in two-sided advertising. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 13(4), 454-463.
  • Bohner, G., Jarvis, C. I., Eyssel, F., & Siebler, F. (2005). The causal impact of rape myth acceptance on men's rape proclivity: Comparing sexually coercive and noncoercive men. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35(6), 819-828.
  • Bohner, G., & Lampridis, E. (2004). Expecting to meet a rape victim affects women's self-esteem: The moderating role of rape myth acceptance. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 7(1), 77-87.
  • Bohner, G., Moskowitz, G. B., & Chaiken, S. (1995). The interplay of heuristic and systematic processing of social information. European Review of Social Psychology, 6(1), 33-68.
  • Bohner, G., Ruder, M., & Erb, H.-P. (2002). When expertise backfires: Contrast and assimilation effects in persuasion. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41(4), 495-519.
  • Bohner, G., Siebler, F., & Schmelcher, J. (2006). Social norms and the likelihood of raping: Perceived rape myth acceptance of others affects men's rape proclivity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(3), 286-297.
  • Bohner, G., & Wänke, M. (2004). Psychological gender mediates sex differences in jealousy. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 2(3-4), 213-229.
  • Bohner, G., & Weinerth, T. (2001). Negative affect can increase or decrease message scrutiny: The affect interpretation hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(11), 1417-1428.
  • Bohner, G., Weisbrod, C., Raymond, P., Barzvi, A., & Schwarz, N. (1993). Salience of rape affects self-esteem: The moderating role of gender and rape myth acceptance. European Journal of Social Psychology, 23(6), 561-579.
  • Chiroro, P., Bohner, G., Viki, G. T., & Jarvis, C. I. (2004). Rape myth acceptance and rape proclivity: Expected dominance versus expected arousal as mediators in acquaintance-rape situations. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(4), 427-442.
  • Echterhoff, G., Bohner, G., & Siebler, F. (2006). "Social Robotics" und Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion: Aktuelle Forschung und Relevanz für die Sozialpsychologie. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 37(4), 219-231.
  • Erb, H.-P., Bohner, G., Schmälzle, K., & Rank, S. (1998). Beyond conflict and discrepancy: Cognitive bias in minority and majority influence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24(6), 620-633.
  • Keller, J., Bohner, G., & Erb, H.-P. (2000). Intuitive und heuristische Verarbeitung - verschiedene Prozesse? Präsentation einer deutschen Fassung des "Rational-Experiential Inventory" sowie neuer Selbstberichtskalen zur Heuristiknutzung. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 31(2), 87-101.
  • Schwarz, N., Bless, H., & Bohner, G. (1991). Mood and persuasion: Affective states influence the processing of persuasive communications. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 24, 161-199.
  • Wänke, M., Bohner, G., & Jurkowitsch, A. (1997). There are many reasons to drive a BMW: Does imagined ease of argument generation influence attitudes? Journal of Consumer Research, 24(2), 170-177.


  • Advanced Statistics and Methodology (lectures and computing surgery)
  • Attitudes and Persuasion (seminar course)
  • Attribution Theories (seminar course)
  • Conscious and Nonconscious Processing in Social Judgment (seminar course)
  • Introduction to Social Psychology (two-semester lecture course)
  • Emotion and Motivation (lecture course)
  • Research Practical in Social Psychology
  • Research Seminar in Social Psychology
  • Process Models of Persuasion (seminar course)
  • Sexism (seminar course)
  • Social Influence (seminar course)
  • Social Judgment (seminar course)
  • Social Influence by Minorities and Majorities (seminar course)
  • Moods and Emotions in Social Judgment (seminar course)
  • Workshop in Social Cognition (research seminar)



  • European Journal of Social Psychology (Associate Editor, 2015-2017)
  • Social Psychology (2007-2011)
  • Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie ( 2003 bis 2006)

Consulting Editor

  • Psychology of Violence (seit 2018)
  • Social Psychology (seit 2012)
  • Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2007)
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (2006-2009)
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (2003-2008)
  • Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale / International Review of Social Psychology (seit 2002)
  • Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (1997-2009)
  • European Journal of Social Psychology (1995-2005)
  • British Journal of Social Psychology (1995-2004)

Reviewer (selection)

  • Biological Psychology
  • British Journal of Psychology
  • Emotion
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
  • Psychological Science
  • Psychologische Rundschau
  • Social Cognition
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
  • National Science Foundation (USA)
  • Nuffield Foundation (United Kingdom)

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