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  • School of Publi Health

    AG 8: Demography and health

    Campus der Universität Bielefeld
    © Universität Bielefeld

G-HEALTH - Project

Gender Differences in Health and Mortality: Comparative Approach

International comparative studies allow researchers to compare the directions and magnitudes of health inequalities across various outcomes, life course stages and nations, and to suggest explanations for these differences. While most cross-national studies of gender differences in health at older ages are based on surveys conducted in high-income nations, we extend them to include low- and middle-income countries, including India and China, two most populous countries in the world, and Cuba, the vanguard of longevity in Latin American and the Caribbean regions, and Mexico. We also investigate to what extend the direction and magnitude of gender differences in health and mortality vary across regions within a country, e.g. East vs. West Germany. Findings of these projects will advance our understanding of how different cultures, economies, and social systems shape gender differences in health and survival.

 

Related publications:

  1. Kühn, M., Díaz-Venegas, C., Jasilionis, D., Oksuzyan, A. Gender Differences in Health in Havana versus Mexico City and U.S. Hispanics. European Journal of Aging 2021; 18: 217–226 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-020-00563-w
  2. van Raalte, A., Klüsener, S., Oksuzyan A., Grigoriev, P. Small regional disparities in mortality with large regional disparities in economic conditions: the case of Germany. International Journal of Epidemiology 2020; 49: 2, 486–496. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz265
  3. Oksuzyan, A., Singh, P. K., Christensen, K., Jasilionis, D. A cross-national study of the gender gap in health among older adults in India and China: similarities and disparities. The Gerontologist 2017: 58 (6); 1156–1165 https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnx111.
  4. Kühn, M., Dudel, C., Vogt, T. C., Oksuzyan, A. Trends in gender differences in health and mortality at working ages among West and East Germans. Social Science & Medicine: Population Health 2018:7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100326
  5. Singh, P. K., Jasilionis, D., Oksuzyan, A. Gender Difference in Cognitive Health among Older Indian Adults: A Cross-Sectional Multilevel Analysis. Social Science & Medicine: Population Health 2018, 5:180-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.06.008
  6. Solé-Auró, A., Jasilionis, D., Li, P., Oksuzyan, A. Do women in Europe live longer and happier lives than men? European Journal of Public Health 2018, 28(5); 847–852. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky070
  7. Oksuzyan, A., Demakakos, P., Shkolnikova, M. A., Christensen, K., Thinggaard, M., Vaupel, J. W., Shkolnikov, V. M. Handgrip strength and its prognostic value for mortality in Moscow, Denmark, and England. PLoS One 2017, 12(9): e0182684. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182684 
  8. Oksuzyan, A., Shkolnikova, M. A., Vaupel, J. W., Christensen, K., Shkolnikov, V. M. Sex differences in biological markers of health in the study of stress, aging and health in Russia. PLoS One 2015, 10:6, e0131691. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131691
  9. Oksuzyan, A., Shkolnikova, M., Vaupel, J. W., Christensen, K., Shkolnikov, V. M. Sex differences in health and mortality in Moscow and Denmark. European Journal of Epidemiology 2014, 29(4): 243-52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-014-9893-4
  10. Lindahl-Jacobsen, R., Hanson, H. A., Oksuzyan, A., Mineau, G. P., Christensen, K., & Smith, K. R. The male–female health-survival paradox and sex differences in cohort life expectancy in Utah, Denmark, and Sweden 1850–1910. Annals of Epidemiology 2013; 23(4): 161–166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.02.001
  11. Wu Y., Zhang D., Pang Z., Oksuzyan A., Jiang W., Wang S., Li S., Kruse T., Christensen K., Tan Q. Gender-specific patterns in age-related decline in general health among Danish and Chinese: a cross-national comparative study. Geriatrics & Gerontology International 2012, 12:3, 431-439. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00784.x
  12. Oksuzyan, A., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Jeune, B. Gender gap in health expectancy. European Journal of Ageing 2010;7(4):213-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-010-0170-4
  13. Oksuzyan, A., Crimmins, E., Saito, Y., O’Rand, A., Vaupel, J.W., Christensen K. Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US. European Journal of Epidemiology 2010; 25(7):471-480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-010-9460-6 
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