skip to main contentskip to main menuskip to footer Universität Bielefeld Play Search
  • Accessibility Services

    Logo der ZAB, bunte Kreise mit Schriftzug Zentrale Anlaufstelle Barrierefrei
    Students in the gallery
    © ZAB - Bielefeld University

Disadvantage compensations

Bielefeld University Lecture Hall
© ZAB - Bielefeld University

Disadvantage compensation for people with disabilities can be considered if barriers in the social environment cannot currently be removed or if complete accessibility in certain areas is not considered sensible for society as a whole.

This applies, for example, to tax-funded public services such as public broadcasting. People with certain visual impairments can only participate here to a limited extent. To ensure that they do not suffer any disadvantage and help finance a service that they themselves cannot use to any extent, those affected can apply for a reduction in the GEZ fee or even be exempted from the obligation to pay the broadcasting fee.

Many people with disabilities have additional financial expenses due to their disability. These can be, for example, certain medications that are not covered by statutory health insurance, necessary aids or modifications that are not financed or not fully financed, the use of support in the home or in childcare, etc. To compensate for these additional expenses, people with disabilities who are subject to social security contributions can claim certain lump-sum income tax contributions.

Specifically, Disadvantage compensation can be claimed in various areas of life. As a rule, their scope is linked to the degree of disability determined. In the case of some forms of disability, the pension office also assigns certain marks which, together with the respective GdB, entitle the person to further Disadvantage compensation due to permanent impairments of participation.

Disadvantage compensation may be granted in the following areas:

  • Work and occupation,

e.g. with regard to working hours or special protection against dismissal

  • communication,

e.g. with regard to radio or telephone connection fees

  • mobility,

e.g. right to use handicapped parking spaces, reduced or free public transportation, transportation of accompanying persons

  • Tax concessions,

e.g. lump sum for the disabled or lump sum for travel expenses

  • Housing,

e.g. allowance when receiving housing subsidies

  • Other,

e.g. reduced admission to cultural or public events such as theaters, museums, zoos, etc. or reduced visitor's taxes

back to top